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Naïve Empiricism or Negative Empiricism

Nassin Nicholas Taleb, 2007, The Black Swan, Penguin Books: 55

Naïve Empiricism

we have a natural tendency to look for instances that confirm our story and our vision of the world - these instances are always easy to find. Alas, with tools, and fools, anything can be easy to find. You take past instances that corroborate your theories and you treat them as evidence. (p55)

Negative Empiricism

We can get closer to the truth by negative instances, not by verification! It is misleading to build a general rule from observed facts. (p56)

But it remains the case that you know what is wrong with a lot more confidence than you know what is right. All pieces of information are not equal in importance. (p58)